Wednesday, December 6, 2017

Miso Soup

Miso soup is a traditional Japanese soup consisting of a stock called "dashi" into which softened miso paste is mixed. Many ingredients are added depending on regional and seasonal recipes, and personal preference.

Miso soup is a traditional Japanese soup, served with most Japanese meals, even breakfast. It consists of two main ingredients— dashi or a Japanese broth and miso paste. You can use white or red miso pastes. The light miso has a shorter fermenting time and less salt; the dark miso has a longer fermenting time and more salt. Most misos are made with soybeans and some with additional grain. Sweet white miso contains cooked soybeans and white rice, which are cooked and then allowed to ferment with koi mold and salt. Barley, millet, and buckwheat are some of the other grains from which miso can be made. 

Like yogurt, miso contains bacteria beneficial to our digestive systems which are killed by boiling. 

2 quarts dashi broth 
1/2 cup sweet white (shiro) miso
2 ounces soft or firm tofu, fresh, 1/4-inch dice
Scallion, thinly sliced for garnish
1 cup enoki mushrooms (optional)
Dried wakame (a type of seaweed)

  1. For every cup of dash, use 2 teaspoons to 1 teaspoon of miso. Sweet white miso is less salty so you may use more. The darker misos are saltier, so you might want to use less.
  2. Place the miso in a small mixing bowl and add a little of the hot broth to it. Whisk until smooth. Pour this mixture back into the pot of dashi broth and whisk to mix well. Don’t boil the soup after adding the miso.
  3. Place the garnish of a tiny dice of fresh soft tofu, thinly sliced green onion rings, or any cooked seafood or vegetables into each bowl. Pour a cup or more of the hot miso broth on top and serve.

Thursday, November 16, 2017

Ramen Noodles

In my forever endeavor to come up with more family dinners, that everyone can enjoy, I am very happy with having put a Ramen spread on the table! Not the quick packet noodle stuff, packed with flavor enhancers, and unpronounceable and recognizable ingredients. But from scratch, with all the good ingredients. 

Making the dashi (broth, that is used as a base for many Japanese foods) from scratch is an added step, but the Umami that you receive from it is well worth that effort. 

How to make dashi:
In 4 cups of cold water, hydrate a 1/4 ounce of dried kombu (type of Japanese seaweed). This can sit in the water for 15 minutes to overnight. Bring the water to near boiling (do not boil or the dashi will turn bitter) and then remove the kombu. Remove from heat.
Add a teaspoon of dried bonito flakes and let it sit for 5 minutes. Strain.
Taste, and add more kombu or bonito flakes. Make it to your liking.
And your dashi is ready! 

Now make the Ramen:
Serves 2 
The beauty about Ramen is personalizing it. Make it to your taste, add enjoy! This recipe can be doubled easily.

In a large stock pot, heat a teaspoon of sesame oil.

Sauté 2 teaspoons of minced ginger and garlic.
Sauté 1 cup of vegetables of your choice (I used black dried mushrooms)
Add 2 cups chicken stock and 1 cup dashi

While the soup comes to a boil, stir together, in a small bowl:

3 tablespoons soy sauce, 1 tablespoon sake (optional), 1 teaspoon mirin, 1 teaspoon sugar, Salt, to taste

Add to the soup. Mix and your Ramen soup is ready! 

Boil noodles of your choice. I found these fresh Ramen noodles at my local Japanese store. Unfortunately, they told me that the manufacturer has stopped making it so I got the last batch. 

Top with your favorite Ramen toppings, such as boiled eggs, thinly sliced scallions, bamboo shoots, seaweed, boiled spinach, steamed bok choy, your favorite chili sauce, or Japanese Togarashi chili flakes, a squeeze of lime, pickled ginger… I can go on and on!

Dig in, and enjoy!

Tuesday, November 7, 2017

Vegetarian Paella

There is something so heartwarming about a large paella in the center of a table. Everyone digs in, shares stories about the various other paellas they have had in their travels, with a glass of Sangria, and life is good. 

I remember the night I sat at the bar of a restaurant in Gran Canaria (Canary Islands), Spain and ate one of the best Paellas ever. We grumbled to the chef, whom we had gotten to know well through the years of visiting, that we lacked good Paellas in New York. Chef Juan very generously invited me into his kitchen and taught me his prized Paella Valenciana recipe. What a treat! 

The original Paella is from Valencia, Spain, and had a combination of meat, vegetables, and snails. Today, everyone makes their own version. My favorite one is a Seafood Paella, next to the Vegetarian one. It's a great way to pack in all the vegetables.

Paella is cooked and served in a traditional Paella pan. Fairly easily available, you can buy it in most gourmet grocery stores. In New York, Despaña sells it, along with Kalyustans. I use the carbon steel pans, which require a good scrub after, with a metal sponge, wipe dry, and season with a little olive oil. However, today, non-stick ones are also available. 

Writing a Paella recipe is always a bit tricky, as it depends on the size of your Paella pan. It is sold as 'para dos', 'para cuatro' (for two, for four, etc). The number of people the Paella pan is for is always an even number, but the actual diameter of the pan varies, which is what making writing the recipe tricky. Read the note below on the amount of rice required before adding it all in, keeping in mind, that rice doubles in size as it cooks. 

1/2 cup olive oil
One bulb garlic, peeled, and thinly sliced 
1 Spanish onion, chopped in 1-inch pieces 
1 green pepper, chopped in 1-inch pieces
1 bay leaf
1 teaspoon orange food coloring

3 cups of vegetables of your choice, such as carrots, beans, mushrooms, green peas, asparagus 

1 15oz can tomato sauce

1 vegetable bouillon cube
1 generous pinch of saffron 
1 teaspoon Spanish paprika
1 sprig thyme 
Salt, to taste

2–3 handfuls of Spanish paella rice 

Lemon wedges, to garnish

  1. In a Paella pan for 4, heat 1/2 cup olive oil in a pan.
  2. When the oil is hot, add the garlic and sauté for 30 seconds, careful not to burn. 
  3. Add onion, green pepper, bay leaf and orange food coloring. Sauté for a minute. 
  4. Add 3 cups of chopped vegetables (carrots, green beans, peas, mushrooms, asparagus etc). Mix with the onions. 
  5. Add the tomato sauce and water to fill the pan to the brim. 
  6. Then, add the saffron, salt to taste, a dried red chili, Spanish paprika, one stock bouillon cube and one sprig of thyme.
  7. Let it come to a boil, and reduce to half. Taste the sauce for salt or any other seasonings
  8. Sprinkle the paella rice evenly over the paella pan. Eyeball the quantity of uncooked rice required based on the paella pan size, and the amount of vegetables added in. Do not mix after you add the rice. 
  9. Let it cook for 10–15 minutes.
  10. Garnish with lemon wedges right before serving

Sunday, May 7, 2017

Pao de Queijo

I was fourteen when I visited my cousins in Sao Paulo, Brazil. We would run down to the bakery across the street to buy fresh warm little cheese ball breads, and it was a little bite of heaven— crispy on the outside, soft, cheesy, and gooey on the inside.
One of life's best simple pleasures is hot fresh bread, add cheese to it, make it in little balls, and it’s been taken to a whole different level! 
These are essentially a version of the French gougéres, but made with tapioca flour instead of all-purpose flour. Both start on the stove top and have eggs and cheese, but these result as the chewier cousin.
Years later my son was born and my cousins called him a little Pao de Queijo! 
Fast forward a few more years and their friend posts some on his Instagram page, and it got me motivated to bake these for my children. Needless to say, the entire batch was polished off in minutes (a lot consumed by me too!)

Bonus to this recipe is that it calls for Tapioca Flour, which is gluten-free. Bob’s Red Mill makes it and you can find it at Whole Foods.

You can make the batter ahead, bring it to room temperature, store in the refrigerator for up to 3 days and bake it when you want to eat it.. Another option would be to portion the dough onto baking sheets and freeze until solid. Transfer to resealable freezer bags and freeze up to 1 month. Bake frozen for same amount of time.

Makes 24

2 cups tapioca starch / flour (I used Bob’s Red Mill)

1 cup whole milk
1/2 cup unsalted butter
1 teaspoon salt

2 eggs, room temperature
1 1/2 cups cheese (parmesan, mozzarella, cheddar, gouda, feta, or a combination of these)


  1. Preheat oven to 400F.
  2. In a large bowl measure the tapioca and set aside.
  3. In a small pot, heat the milk, butter, and salt. Swirl and warm it until just before it boils. 
  4. Add to the tapioca flour. Mix and let it cool.
  5. Once cooled, add the eggs, one at a time. Mix to combine.
  6. Add the cheese. The batter will be soupy. Pour into greased mini muffin tin, until almost the top. Bake for 15 minutes or until golden brown. 
  7. Alternatively, keep mixing and then kneading and it’ll form a thicker dough. Grease your hands, roll into balls the size of a tablespoon, line an inch apartment on a baking sheet and bake for 15 minutes or until golden brown.

    Store left over uneaten bread in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 1 week. Re-crisp in a warm toaster oven.